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موضوع: Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.)

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    Imam Musa Kazim (a.s.)





    In His Name
    Birth


    He was born on Sunday, the 7th of Safar, year 128 Hijrah at the land of Abwa situated between Mecca and Madina from his mother named "Hameeda." He had access to Imamate at the age of twenty-one years.


    Abu Baseer says, "We traveled to perform Hajj along with Imam Jaffar Sadiq (A.S.). No sooner we had reached a place known as Abwa, and after the breakfast was over, the Imam was informed that God had bestowed upon him a son".


    He happily and merrily got up to see his wife "Hameeda". Not very long afterwards he came back smiling and said to us, "God has given me a son who is the best gift of the God."


    His mother described that, "when my son came to the world, he set his head on ground for prostration, and thanked God, and this is the sign of his Imamate." When Imam Sadiq (A.S.) arrived Madina, he laid the meal tables for as long as three days and invited all the afflicted and poor ones to it.


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  3. کانون گفتگوی قرآنی

    کانون گفتگوی قرآنی

    لیست موضوعات جهت اطلاع رسانی

     

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    His Life & Works (Imamate)


    When his father was martyred (poisoned by the ruler Mansur Dawanaqi), Mansur asked the governor of Madina to behead all the trustees Imam had left. The governor (called Sulayman) wrote back to say that the 6th Imam had left 5 trustees of whom he (Mansur) was the first and Sulayman the second followed by Abdullah, Umme Hamida and Imam Musa (a.s.). Mansur kept quiet.

    After the 6th Imam's death Mansur encouraged the Ismaili sect to develop although he knew that Ismail (one of the sons of Imam (a.s.) had died 20 years before. At the same time the 6th Imam's other son Abdullah claimed Imamate (however he only lived 17 days after that).


    Mansur was busy building Baghdad after that (although the torture and killing of the followers of Ahlul Bayt continued) and left Imam Musa (a.s.) for a while in which Imam had a little time to teach true Islam.



    When Mansur died his son Mahdi came to power in 158 a.h. He increased the atrocities on the family and followers of Ahlul Bayt. Imam Musa (a.s.) advised his followers to practise Taqiyya (meaning not to show ones faith outwardly). Mahdi called Imam to Baghdad and imprisoned him releasing him after a while.

    After Mahdi came his son Musa who assumed the title Haadi. He only ruled for 15 months but the atrocities continued.





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    After the death of Haadi came his brother Harun Rashid. It was he who introduced Backgammon, Chess and Music as Islamic culture (they are Haraam). Harun was told of the popularity of Imam Musa (a.s.) by Muhammad bin Ismail (Imam's nephew) and about the collection of khums.

    Harun was furious and wanting to prove his relationship to the Prophet went to the Prophets grave and greeted the Prophet addressing him as his uncle.



    Imam Musa (a.s.) was there and he addressed the Prophet as his grandfather. Imam then asked Harun that if the Prophet were to come and ask Harun for his daughters hand in marriage would he agree?

    Harun said "Yes". Imam said "That is the difference between you and me - my daughter would be haraam for the Prophet (mahram)".



    Harun had Imam arrested in the Prophet's mosque whilst Imam was praying. He was handcuffed and shackled and sent to Basra. A similar caravan was sent to Baghdad to fool Imam's followers.


    Imam was put into prison under the custody of Isa bin Ja'fer. After a year Isa wrote to Harun saying he could no longer imprison Imam as he could find only piety and righteousness in him.




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    Harun had Imam moved to Baghdad under the custody of Fadhl bin Rabi who too became a follower of Imam. The prisons were so small that there was no room to stand and the food was a cup of water and two pieces of dry bread a day. Imam remained patient.

    Harun also hired people to kill Imam (It is reported that they were from England). They too on seeing Imam cried and refused to murder him even though they were paid to do so.

    Harun finally moved Imam in the care of Sindi bin Shahak (a very cruel man). Imam remained in prison for the last 19 years of his life.

    The 19 years of imprisonment gave the Shia population a little relief as the rulers concentrated on Imam. It enabled the Shias to disperse from Arabia to Iran, India etc. thus spreading Islam and it was one of the factors towards the popularity of the 8th Imam.


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  10. #5

    تاریخ عضویت
    جنسیت شهريور ۱۳۸۷
    نوشته
    813
    مورد تشکر
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    حضور
    1 روز 37 دقیقه
    دریافت
    165
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    گالری
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    Summary of his Life Works


    In a situation in which the family and followers of the Ahlul Bayt were being murdered and tortured Imam taught the true word of Allah. Through his character and piety he showed the meaning of tabligh living up to the hadith of the 6th Imam:
    "Acquire a true Muslim character and that shall spread Islam".

    In 183 a.h. Sindi had Imam killed with poisoned dates. Another narration says Imam was wrapped in a carpet and he was suffocated and stamped on. His body was left on the bridge of Baghdad and an announcement was made for all to come and see him.

    It was a ploy to encourage Shias to come out in anger so they could be identified and killed. But because of Imam (a.s.)’s training no one came out.

    When Harun Rashid's brother Sulayman heard of this he was furious and arranged for his burial in a Quraysh cemetery outside Baghdad (the 8th Imam gave ghusl and kafan). A town grew around the tomb of Imam called Kadhmain (meaning the two Kadhims) since the 9th Imam is also buried there
    .




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