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موضوع: Islamic Leadership

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    تاریخ عضویت
    جنسیت مهر ۱۳۸۷
    نوشته
    64
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    Islamic Leadership




    Among the most important and eternal principles
    of Islam is the principle of leadership, which is also
    called guardianship (Wilayah). In Islam, the leadership
    of society is a divine responsibility that is not left to
    just anyone, and Allah makes known to the people
    those righteous and worthy persons that He has chosen
    to perform this important task.
    During the time of the Prophet (SA), the leader and
    guardian of the Islamic society was of course the
    Prophet (SA) himself, and he was never irresolute
    about performing this important task. He received laws
    and commands from Allah and communicated these
    to the people, he was commanded by Allah to implement
    in society the social and political laws of Islam,
    and to lead, through his sacred leadership, the society
    to the path towards perfection.
    The management of all the political and social affairs
    of society was in his hands. The orders for jihad (Islamic
    holy war) were issued by the Prophet (SA), and he
    personally appointed the commanders of his forces. In
    all these responsibilities, he would confer with the
    people, but the final decision was always taken by him
    and Allah gave him complete authority in this regard.
    The Prophet's (SA) decisions took precedence over
    the immediate wants of the people, for he was aware
    of their best and long-term interests, and was more
    able than they were themselves to guide and lead them
    to felicity and freedom.
    In the Qur'an Allah tells us: `The Prophet is more
    in authority over the believers than they themselves."
    But this leadership and guardianship is not limited
    to the time of the Prophet (SA). Rather the people of
    all times need a divine leader and guardian. For this
    reason under the command of the Almighty Allah, the
    Prophet (SA) appointed Imam `Ali (AS) to be the
    leader of the people and the guardian of the society
    after himself. At a huge gathering of Muslims, while
    returning from his last haji the Prophet (SA)
    announced at a place called Ghadir Khumm:
    "He whose guardian I am, also his guardian is `Ali"
    Thus, it was by the order of Allah that `Ali (AS)
    was designated by the Prophet (SA) as the leader and
    guardian of Islamic Ummah after himself. Likewise,
    `Ali (AS) in turn did not leave the Ummah without a
    divine leader. At the command of Allah and in accordance
    with the decree of the Prophet (SA) he appointed
    al-Imam al-Hasan (AS) to the post of leader-
    ship, and made this known to the people.
    In the same way, each of the infallible Imams
    appointed a successor to lead and guide the Ummah,
    until it came to the turn of the Twelfth Imam, Muhammad
    al-Mahdi (AS) who, at the order of Allah, was
    hidden from the vision of mankind.
    During the Imam's Ghaybah (occultation), Muslim
    society is not bereft of the proper leadership According
    to the words of the Twelfth Imam (AS) and the
    Imams before him, the leadership and guidance of Islamic
    society during this period is the duty of just,
    aware, selfless and brave mujtahidin jurisprudents).
    During thisperiod the leader of Islamic society
    must be great scholar of Islam. Virtuous and pious.
    Who must be totally aware of current political and social
    affairs and of the needs of the people. The Muslims
    must choose him to be their leader and follow his instructions.
    When the Muslims accept such a leader they can
    easily gain their freedom and overcome the injustice
    and oppression of the tyrannical powers. As is clear,
    by accepting the principle of religious leadership. the
    people of Iran have freed themselves from the tyranny
    and injustice of the puppet regime of the ex-Shah, and
    are slowly but surely on their way to overturning the
    whole of the oppressive world order.
    With perfect vision and decisiveness, the Islamic
    leader guides the Ummah in all social and political
    affairs. He is ultimately responsible for the armed
    forces, and he keeps watch over the laws and management
    of society so that by following the Islamic programs
    the society moves towards perfection. He puts
    a halt to deviations and centralizes all the forces and
    resources of the nation. He turns the whole of society
    toward a single goal; freedom from oppression and
    the attainment of sincere service to Allah.


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